[citation needed] Others state that the term syncretism is a vague one,[53] since it can be applied to refer to substitution or modification of the central elements of Christianity or Islam with beliefs or practices from somewhere else. Religion 20 [1990] contains some articles on the study of African Religions that are worth reading. The Importance Of Religion In Central Africa 1475 Words 6 Pages The DRC is located in Central Africa, is about one fourth the size of the United States, and has the potential to be a rich country as a result of its excellent farm land and abundant natural resources. Dr J.O. In Christian or Islamic communities, religious beliefs are also sometimes characterized with syncretism with the beliefs and practices of traditional religions. The idea behind is to gain from both religions. South Africa is the third least religious country in Africa, but it is still pretty religious, with between 85–91% saying religion is important [ 1] [ 2] [ 3], or are religious. Marriage in Africa entails much more. A question that must be asked at the outset is whether there is such a thing as African Spirituality. Especially in Africa, religion has been at the heart of much of the contemporary conflicts. Presently these rites are referred to as rites of passage. Leo Igwe, Age 46. It is a practice which has long been accepted by … [13] According to the author Lugira, the Traditional African religions are the only religions "that can claim to have originated in Africa. The African Energy Chamber forecasts that 2021 generation is likely to range between 870-900 TWh if demand picks up aggressively throughout the year. That this is the great end for which you were sent into this world. The African Concept . security: most Africans particularly Nigerian farmers especially plantation farmers and that of yams, cassava etc. The World Book Encyclopedia has estimated that in 2002 Christians formed 40% of the continent's population, with Muslims forming 45%. African traditional religion refers to the indigenous or autochthonous religion of the African people. [23] Some experts predict the shift of Christianity's center from the European industrialized nations to Africa and Asia in modern times. Encyclopædia Britannica. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers, 1996. Traditional African diviners are one of the best keepers of history and culture for Africans, academic, researchers, writers and general seekers of knowledge in the world over. Routledge, 2017. Religion in Africa is multifaceted and has been a major influence on art, culture and philosophy. Shackled Sentiments: Slaves, Spirits, and Memories in the African Diaspora (2019): 137. Africans are not allowed by family, society and the state to think, reason or live outside the religious box. They have both spread and replaced indigenous African religions, but are often adapted to African cultural contexts and belief systems. [5] All traditional African religions are united by a shared animistic core with special importance to ancestor worship. In five of these countries—Benin, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, and the Ivory Coast—African religion is the majority religion. The upside is that even though it is so, there is a separation of church and state; so religion seldom interferes with civil matters. It shapes the character, and culture of the people. The spread of Islam in North Africa came with the expansion of Arab empire under Caliph Umar, through the Sinai Peninsula. About half of African Buddhists are now living in South Africa, while Mauritius has the highest Buddhist percentage in the continent, between 1.5%[44] to 2%[45] of the total population. All this powers are acquired from juju, to carry out dubious operations. [39], Hinduism has existed in Africa mainly since the late 19th century. [25], A 2015 study estimates 2,161,000 Christian believers from a Muslim background in Africa, most of them belonging to some form of Protestantism.[26]. "[24] The statistics from the World Christian Encyclopedia (David Barrett) illustrate the emerging trend of dramatic Christian growth on the continent and supposes, that in 2025 there will be 633 million Christians in Africa. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. The belief in ancestors is an important element of African traditional religions. Rosalind J. Hackett as a guest-editor has been responsible for those pages. Religion gives people hope, faith, and belief for a better future during hard times Ranger, T. O. They worship secondary deities such as Da, Ogoun, Mbari, Esu and Agwu, and these gods serve other, more important gods such as, Roog, Olodumare, Nyame and Chukwu. Gandhi lived and worked among the Indian community in South Africa for twenty years before returning to India to participate in India’s freedom movement.[41]. important to review some key elements of African cultures that impact the focus of this article. In all those ways religion is inspiring people to fulfill their purposes in life for a good cause. RELIGION is a fundamental, perhaps the most important, influence in the life of most Africans; yet its essential principles are too often unknown to foreigners who thus make themselves constantly liable to misunderstand the African worldview and beliefs. Thus, the importance of traditional marriage in Africa cannot be overemphasized. Although religious customs are sometimes shared by many local societies, they are usually unique to specific populations or geographic regions. Aseffa, Abdi, Bula Sirika Wayessa, and Temesgen Burka. African religions - African religions - Mythology: In African oral cultures, myths embody philosophical reflections, express values, and identify moral standards. ENGLISH AND LINGUISTIC PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), perspectives english and linguistic project, scholars perspectives english and linguistic, THE RELEVANCE OF AFRICAN TRADITIONAL RELIGION IN THIS MODERN AGE: SCHOLARS PERSPECTIVES (ENGLISH AND LINGUISTIC PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS), THE IMPACTS OF DA’AWAH IN IDP CAMPS: THE CASE OF FCT ABUJA, SOCIOLINGUISTIC SITUATION OF NIGERIA: THE BILINGUAL CONDITIONS AMONG NIGERIAN SPEAKERS OF ENGLISH, AN ASSESSMENT OF THE IMPACT OF LAND TITLE REGISTRATION ON PROPERTY VALUES IN OGUN STATE A CASE STUDY OF IJEBU ODE, THE CHALLENGE AND PROSPECTS OF TEACHING ECONOMICS IN SECONDARY SCHOOL: CASE STUDY OF SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOL IN SOKOTO METROPOLIS, SCHOOL FACTORS AFFECTING TEACHING AND LEARNING ENGLISH LANGUAGE AT PRIMARY AT PRIMARY LEVEL A CASE STUDY OF MALUMFASHI LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF KATSINA STATE, ASSESSMENT OF AVAILABILITY AND UTILIZATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS IN WAMAKKO LOCAL GOVERNMENT PRIMARY SCHOOLS, SOCIO – ECONOMIC STATUS AND CHILDREN’S EDUCATIONAL LIFE CHANCES: A STUDY OF PEASANT FARMERS IN BASAWA AND BOMO DISTRICTS OF KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA, RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SELF-CONCEPT AND MOTIVATION FOR OCCUPATIONAL PREFERENCE. Religions are The spread of Islam in West Africa was through Islamic traders and sailors. [49][50] Jesse Mugambi claims that the Christianity taught to Africans by missionaries had a fear of syncretism, which was carried on by current African Christian leadership in an attempt to keep Christianity "pure. [37] Since then there have been homes burned down and families driven out of towns. [10] The religion of the Gbe peoples (mostly the Ewe and Fon) of Benin, Togo and Ghana is called Vodun and is the main source for similarly named religions in the diaspora, such as Louisiana Voodoo, Haitian Vodou, Cuban Vodú, Dominican Vudú and Brazilian Vodum. Unlike Western mythology, African myths are not recounted as a single narrative story, nor is there any established corpus of myth. Religion is an agent of socialization and social control: Parsons viewed that religion is one of the most important agents of socialization and social control. Although religious customs are sometimes shared by many local societies, they are usually unique to specific populations or geographic regions. Cultism: the cultists groups usually known for their sovereignty in terrorism and their immortality, having the ability to appear and dis-appear.at time’s metals could do them no harm. ↑ In 2006, 2007, and 2008, Gallup asked representative samples in 143 countries and territories whether religion was an important part of their daily lives. ADVERT SPACE ! Below are 5 more Reasons Why Bride Price is an Important Part of African Marriages. Traditional/Indigenous African religions are the traditional beliefs and practices of African people including the various traditional religions and customs. Evil is generally interpreted as the work of evil spirits, witches, sorcerers, or evil eyes, broken taboos, oaths or even the deities or. The consequences under this definition, according to missiologist Keith Ferdinando, are a fatal compromise of the religion's integrity. State Responses to Minority Religions. It involves the joining of families and a lot of traditions. The African cultures are . AFRICAN SPIRITUALITY 5.1 Introduction This chapter will describe African Spirituality in detail and identify important aspects, particularly those which play a role in African churches and social groupings today. 3. There have been several Muslim empires in Western Africa which exerted considerable influence, notably the Mali Empire, which flourished for several centuries and the Songhai Empire, under the leadership of Mansa Musa, Sunni Ali and Askia Mohammed. [citation needed] Cola nuts are regarded as important symbols of welcome and hospitality. Adherents of Judaism can be found scattered in a number of countries across Africa; including North Africa, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Cameroon, Gabon, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Sierra Leone, Nigeria and Southern Africa. com-munity-based. In traditional African religion the community is the most important part of someone's life. God is the one who brings forth good, while human causes evil to themselves and others. Religion is the foundation upon which these values rest. Today, the continent's various populations and individuals are mostly adherents of Christianity, Islam, and to a lesser extent several traditional African religions. [48] Kwesi Yankah and John Mbiti argue that many African peoples today have a 'mixed' religious heritage to try to reconcile traditional religions with Abrahamic faiths. This community is made up of people who remember and share the same traditions. [29][30] There are also sizeable minorities of Quranists, Shias, Ahmadis, Ibadi and Sufis.[31][32]. It is apparent that Africa is almost 50 percent Christian and 50 percent ISLAM. The young M.K. Some distinctions between West African and East or Horn African traditional religion often includes considering the supernatural and natural or tangible as being one and the same, and using this stance to incorporate divination. By Friday Chisanyu. [4], Often spoken of in the terms of a singularity, deliberate; yet conscious of the fact that Africa is a large continent with multitudes of nations who have complex cultures, innumerable languages and myriad dialects.[4]. 9 August 2012. Instead, myths are embedded and transmitted in ritual practice. [33] The Association of Religion Data Archives (relying on World Christian Encyclopedia) lists many large and smaller populations of Baháʼís in Africa[34] with Kenya (#3: 512,900), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (#5: 282,900), South Africa (#8: 238,500) and Zambia (#10: 190,400) among the top ten numerical populations of Baháʼís in the world in 2010, and Mauritius (#4: 1.8% of population) joining Zambia (#3: 1.8%) and Kenya (#10: 1.0%) in the top ten in terms of percentage of the national population. Blitt, Robert C. "Springtime for Freedom of Religion or Belief: Will Newly Democratic Arab States Guarantee International Human Rights Norms or Perpetuate Their Violation?." Religion is often depicted as a trigger factor in many conflicts. In the first few centuries of Christianity, Africa produced many figures who had a major influence outside the continent, including St Augustine of Hippo, St Maurice, Origen, Tertullian, and three Roman Catholic popes (Victor I, Miltiades and Gelasius I), as well as the Biblical characters Simon of Cyrene and the Ethiopian eunuch baptised by Philip the Evangelist. Yale University historian Lamin Sanneh stated, that "African Christianity was not just an exotic, curious phenomenon in an obscure part of the world, but that African Christianity might be the shape of things to come. Awolalu, Studies in Comparative Religion Vol. "AHM El Zein, The Sacred Meadows (Book Review)." Evil concerns any misfortune that befell an individual or community or any voluntary anti social behavior or any infringement of the decrees of God, the deities or ancestors. 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