This was not a revolutionary government conducted, in the classical sense, by a dictatorship of the proletariat. He returned home to the Sandinista Front following President Daniel Ortega’s election in 2006. But in 2006 the Sandinista party returned to power when Daniel Ortega was elected president. Accordingly, Ortega and Murillo have accused them of being in league with conservatives in an effort to reimpose the old order on Nicaragua. Triggered by the house arrest and murder of the leader of the coup which had brought a revolutionary government to power for the preceding four years, the invasion resulted in a restoration of the pre-revolutionary regime. Irish supporters of Nicaragua’s Sandinista revolution assess its legacy, 40 years on. My footnotes won't transfer, but all my sources are at the bottom. He traveled to the Pacific coast and the Atlantic area where he met with representatives of the misurasata (Miskito, Sumo, Rama, and Sandinistas United) organization. It was one of the three fundamental historical facts that changed the history of Latin America: first was the Cuban Revolution; 20 years after, the Sandinista Revolution; and 20 years after, [Venezuela’s] Bolivarian Revolution. Those who camped out there were known as rezadores, or people praying to God that Ortega be protected and his opponents punished. And that is when the Sandinista Front initiated the revolutionary struggle, against the dictatorship of [Anastasio] Somoza, in the year 1961. … 8. Roughly 30 years after. And then, decades later, the Sandinista National Liberation Front [FSLN] was formed. YOUNG SANDINISTA WOMAN: As a woman, I am very grateful for the government for giving us such a leadership role. Consolidation of the Revolution, 1979-80. Ortega ran in every election, drifting increasingly to the right, while exerting an iron hand to stifle all challengers and dissenters in the Sandinista party. The concept of revolución compartida is developed in Sergio Ramírez, Adios muchachos: una memoría de la revolución sandinista (Mexico City: Aguilar, 1999). While the dissident Sandinistas have yet to mount a significant electoral challenge, the Ortega administration has nonetheless gone after them with a particular vehemence. Seizing power in 1979 from the dictator Anastasio Somoza, the Sandinista movement comprised Nicaragua’s urban masses, peasants, artisans, workers, Christian base communities, intellectuals, and the muchachos—the youth who spearheaded the armed uprisings. The constitution, which established separation of powers, directly incorporated human rights declarations, and abolished the death penalty, among other measures, was drafted by constituent assembly members elected in 1984 and submitted to the country for discussion.6 To facilitate these debates, 73 cabildos abiertos, or town meetings, were attended by an estimated 100,000 Nicaraguans around the country. So you were one of the Americans who came here in the 1980s to show solidarity — and you’re still here. Marcela Pérez Silva is the Nicaraguan ambassador to Peru, and the widow of Tomás Borge, a founder of the Sandinista front. Fonseca had been recently expelled by the Somoza dictatorship and was trying to build the movement from abroad. A leader in the Sandinista National Liberation Front (Spanish : Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional ; FSLN), he implemented policies to achieve leftist reforms across Nicaragua. Nicaragua never imposed a full quarantine and didn’t shut down the entire economy, instead taking a middle-of-the-road approach that balanced its people’s economic needs with public health concerns. Anastasio Somoza was the third member of a family dynasty that had been in power in Nicaragua since 1936. And we are celebrating a victory: the 40th anniversary of the popular Sandinista Revolution. So the neoliberal stage began, in which we defended the revolutionary principles of the front. The Sandinistas’ road to power was paved with a series of previously unthinkable pacts with the old somocista and Contra opposition. Later General Sandino was assassinated. Later on, after the revolutionary victory, Honduras would then be used as a base by the counter-revolutionary forces. You see, this is a holiday in remembrance of the Sandinista Revolution that toppled the Somoza Regime. We already know what it’s about; that Yankee imperialism, unfortunately, is always interfering in countries like Nicaragua, in poor countries that try to make a political change. Upon his inauguration as Nicaraguan president in January 2007, Daniel Ortega asserted that his government would represent “the second stage of the Sandinista Revolution.” His election was full of symbolic resonance, coming after 16 years of electoral failures for Ortega and the party he led, the Sandinista Front for National Liberation (FSLN). So we are talking about an extremely important historical event. Each one of those marks an era: The Cuban Revolution kicked off the era of revolutionary armed struggle, the product of which was the Sandinista Revolution. And the government of national reconciliation and unity has raised the stakes for entrepreneurs,for small-business owners, for the producers that sacrifice day after day to make the food that we eat. We Nicaraguans feed them. This agreement, financed by eight European governments and administered by Oxfam, aims to promote “the full citizenship of women.” First lady Murillo called it “Satan’s fund” and “the money of evil.”. CBC News, “Latin American Artists Protest Persecution of Nicaraguan Poet,” September 6, 2008, available at cbc.ca. The European Economic Community and the U.S. government suspended funding for Nicaragua over the fraudulent elections. Sandinista revolution in Nicaragua. An estimated 100,000 people from the United States visited Nicaragua in the 1980s, many as simple political tourists. Tomás is in this plaza, crammed full of people, in those hearts, that are ready to defend their revolution. Harry E. Vanden and Gary Prevost, Democracy and Socialism in Sandinista Nicaragua (Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1996), 84–85. Later on, after the revolutionary victory, Honduras would then be used as a base by the … At these meetings, about 2,500 Nicaraguans made suggestions for changes in the constitution. As the Nobel-winning novelist José Saramago put it: “Once more a revolution has been betrayed from within.” Nicaragua’s revolution has indeed been betrayed, perhaps not as dramatically as Trotsky depicted Stalin’s desecration of what was best in the Bolshevik revolution. n. A member or advocate of the leftist political party that governed Nicaragua from 1979 to … Some came as part of delegations, but most of them arrived on their own. Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) propaganda poster in Nicaragua. On the 40th anniversary of the Sandinista revolution, some Nicaraguans say there is no reason to celebrate. Donate now.Â. Sandinista government. The Sandinistas entered Managua victorious on July 19 and established a provisional government immediately. The Nicaraguan Revolution thus responded to internal and external challenges by deepening its democratic and participatory content, rather than by declaring a dictatorship. Case in point: Chamorro, the onetime director of the Sandinista party newspaper, Barricada. Human Rights Watch, “Nicaragua: Protect Rights Advocates from Harassment and Intimidation,” October 28, 2008, available at hrw.org. Nicaragua embodies the same revolutionary paradox as Cuba and Venezuela. 6. We know that this is the only president who has cared about poor people, as my comrade said. All Nicaragua Citizens under the age of 40 are proud of the revolutionary heritage they have. And thanks to the revolution, this was ended. It marked a generation of activists around the globe who found in the revolution a reason to hope and believe. Then as night fell, the police established a cordon around the building and, in the early morning, police broke down the door. So, before the 2006 election, he publicly reconciled with his old nemesis, Cardinal Miguel Obando y Bravo, a potent symbol of the counterrevolutionary movement in the 1980s. 10. Ortega and his longtime companion, Rosario Murillo, announced their conversion to Catholicism and were married by the cardinal. Its members are called Sandinistas [sandiˈnistas] in … The Sandinistas ruled Nicaragua from 1979 to 1990, during which time they were subjected to a CIA-backed counter revolutionary war. The revolution was muticlass, multiethnic, multidoctrinal, and politically pluralistic. Meanwhile, bands of young Sandinista-linked thugs, claiming to be the “owners of the streets,” attacked demonstrators while the police stood idly by. MAX BLUMENTHAL: And the participation of women is rising? Upon his inauguration as Nicaraguan president in January 2007, Daniel Ortega asserted that his government would represent “the second stage of the Sandinista Revolution.” His election was full of symbolic resonance, coming after 16 years of electoral failures for Ortega and the party he led, the Sandinista Front for National Liberation (FSLN). The Sandinista National Liberation Front (Spanish: Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional, FSLN) is a socialist political party in Nicaragua. Along with MAM, the broader women’s movement in Nicaragua, which firmly opposes the Ortega government, was among the first to experience its repressive blows. Then, to prevent more demonstrations, Ortega supporters set up plantones, permanent occupation posts at the rotundas on the main thoroughfare running through Managua. And Chamorro was denounced in the Sandinista-controlled media as a “delinquent,” a “narco-trafficker,” and a “robber of peasant lands.”, The harassment of Chamorro and other government critics continued during the run-up to Nicaragua’s November 2008 municipal elections, which were widely viewed as a referendum on the Ortega administration. Internationally, Nicaragua joined the Bolivarian Alternative for the Americas (ALBA), a trade and economic cooperation pact that includes Cuba, Bolivia, and Venezuela. The Palestinian resistance played a crucial role in the Sandinista revolution. But also, it is anniversary of the re-defeat of the coup-mongers who tried to end the revolution. I will examine this electoral defeat as the last in a series of setbacks that prevented a revolutionary society from emerging. See more ideas about revolution, nicaragua, american war. It was officially designated “a popular, democratic, and anti-imperialist revolution.” Radicalized social democrats, priests, and political independents as well as Marxists and Marxist-Leninists served as cabinet ministers of the Sandinista government. So the Nica Act, we Nicaraguans are not interested in it. Since they invaded us three times, and used Somoza to kill Sandino, and carried out acts of barbarism. In October 1983, when a U.S. assault appeared imminent in the aftermath of the invasion of Grenada, the National Directorate adopted the slogan “All Arms to the People” and distributed more than 200,000 weapons to the militias and popular organizations. Nuñez develops this argument in his book La Oligarquia en Nicaragua (Managua: Talleres de Grafitex, 2006). His father helped launch the armed struggle against Somoza, and was killed by the dictator’s men in 1976. Images of Sandino, Marx, Christ, Lenin, Bolívar, and Carlos Fonseca, the martyred founder of the Sandinista movement, often hung side by side in the cities and towns of Nicaragua. Perhaps the die was cast in neighboring El Salvador with the failure of the guerrillas there to seize power as the United States mounted a counterinsurgency war. I asked her what was wrong, and she said, “Daniel will no longer be my president.” After exchanging a few more words, I asked whom she had voted for. The new government inherited a country in ruins, with a stagnant economy and a debt of about US$1.6 billion. NAN MCCURDY: Well what brought us was wanting to be part of a revolution that was changing society, eliminating poverty, giving land to people, creating justice. The Reagan administration tried to destabilise Nicaragua's left-wing government by supporting the counter-revolutionary forces, the Contras. Fonseca had been recently expelled by the Somoza dictatorship and was trying to build the movement from abroad. Covert Central Intelligence Agency operations, including the mining of Nicaraguan harbours in 1984, were condemned by the International Court of Justice in 1986. As Mónica Baltodano, the leader of is the Movement for the Rescue of Sandinismo (MPRS), a dissident Sandinista organization, argued in a recent article, Ortega’s fiscal and economic policies are, in fact, continuous with those of the previous governments, despite his anti-imperialist rhetoric and denunciations of neoliberalism. So Nicaragua is progressing on the road toward prosperity. Those going to Nicaragua found an “open door” society: They could talk with anyone, travel to the countryside, and stay where they pleased with no interference from the government. The Nicaraguan Revolution (Spanish: Revolución Nicaragüense or Revolución Popular Sandinista) encompassed the rising opposition to the Somoza dictatorship in the 1960s and 1970s, the violent campaign led by the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) to oust the dictatorship in 1978–79, the subsequent efforts of the FSLN to govern Nicaragua from 1979 to 1990, and the Contra War, which … In April 1982, Edén Pastora (Comandante Cero), one of the heroes in the fight against Somoza, organized the Sandinista Revolutionary Front (FRS) – embedded in the Democratic Revolutionary Alliance (ARDE) – and declared war on the Sandinista government. Protests erupted in June, after the Ortega-stacked Supreme Electoral Council disqualified the MRS and the Conservative Party from participation. But the group estimates that irregularities took place at a third of the polling places. The 1979 triumph of the Sandinista Revolution and the Sandinista National Liberation Front's resistance of U.S. efforts to oust it from power inspired thousands of individuals from all over the world to support Nicaragua's struggle for self-determination. 4. Baltodano, “El ‘nuevo sandinismo’ es de la izquierda?”. Cinco’s board of directors were interrogated, and a prosecutor accompanied by the police raided the Cinco offices with a search warrant. MAX BLUMENTHAL: And you, do you remember 1979? 13. “How to Steal an Election,” The Economist, November 13, 2008. During the 1980s, de Blasio was a strong supporter of the revolutionary socialist government of Nicaragua, formed by the Sandinista National Liberation Front, commonly known as … Nicaragua’s civic calendar has its most important celebration on the 19 of July. The revolution transformed social relations and values, holding up a new vision of society based on social and economic justice that included the poor and dispossessed. And the last year also confirmed that there, another bloody dictatorship like that is not going to come back, like what we had for 45 years in Nicaragua. Do you remember the 1980s and the dirty war? To end the debilitating war, the Sandinista leaders turned to peace negotiations. The ministry was established in order to socialize the modes of cultural production. She’s alive. Sign up for our NACLA Update for announcements, events, the latest articles, and more! While the district attorney buried the case, González was charged and convicted of slander. The party was named after Augusto Caesar Sandino, who led the Nicaraguan resistance against the United States occupation of Nicaragua in the 1930s. 41 years on from the revolutionary triumph of 1979, the Sandinista Front for National Liberation (FSLN) in Nicaragua looks stronger and with greater legitimacy than ever. 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