Two days before, the National Constituent Assembly issued a decree that the king, Louis XVI, would remain king under a … Let us impartially examine these two such strangely differing views. $60.00). The troops advanced a second time. might be proclaimed. Among the French, the reputation of Lafayette, the commander of the National Guard, never recovered from this episode. Alas! The majority of the National Assembly, the department, the Paris municipality, and many of the writers say that the capital is overrun by brigands, that these brigands are paid by agents of foreign courts, and that they are in alliance with the factions that secretly conspire against France. It is better to sacrifice some thirty wretched vagabonds than to risk the safety of 25 million citizens. The following is the text of the manifesto which was being read and signed by French citizens in the Champ de Mars on the day of the massacre, 17 July 1791: THE undersigned Frenchmen, members of the sovereign people, considering that, in questions concerning the safety of the people, it is their right to express their will in order to enlighten and guide their deputies,[5], THAT no question has ever arisen more important than the King's desertion,[6]. West of Champ-des-Mars metro, another installation will pay homage to Marie-Josèphe-Angélique (1705-1734), a woman victimized by slavery who was accused of starting a fire that destroyed a portion of the city in 1734. The Champ de Mars Massacre took place on 17 July 1791 in Paris in the midst of the French Rev­o­lu­tion. This was the same Lafayette who aided the American revolutions in 1776 and descendants of his family own the Hermitage apartment rental located right in these gardens! The event is named after the site of the mas­sacre, the Champ de Mars. THAT fresh promises from Louis XVI to observe the Constitution cannot offer the Nation a sufficient guarantee against a fresh perjury and a new conspiracy. After firing unsuccessful warning shots, the National Guard opened fire directly on the crowd. THAT his perjury, his desertion, his protest, not to speak of all the other criminal acts which have proceeded, accompanied, and followed them, involve a formal abdication of the constitutional Crown entrusted to him. . . The composure of the faces of those who surrounded the altar did not change. The Champ de Mars Massacre took place on 17 July 1791 in Paris in the midst of the French Revolution. . The larger crowd was also more determined than the first. On 17 June 1791, a crowd of 50,000 gathered at the Champ de Mars to sign a petition asking for the king’s removal. is a vast plain, at the center of which the altar of the fatherland is located, and where the slopes surrounding the plain are cut at intervals to facilitate entry and exit. Later that day, leaders of the republicans in France rallied against this decision. And finally they say that they gathered at the Champ de Mars for the sole purpose of disturbing public peace and order, getting so carried away that perhaps it was hard to restrain themselves two hours later. Alas, they paid dearly for their courage and blind trust in the law. Blood has just flowed on the field of the federation, staining the altar of the fatherland. A contingent of National Guard soldiers, led by General Lafayette, fired on the crowd, killing at least fifty, in what became known as "the massacre of the Champ de Mars." Champ de Mars Massacre. This incident was precipitated by the king’s flight to Varennes and the National Constituent Assembly’s response to it, which fuelled republican sentiment, protests and petitions in Paris. CONSIDERING finally that it would be as contrary to the majesty of the outraged Nation as it would be contrary to its interest to confide the reins of empire to a perjurer, a traitor, and a fugitive, [we] formally and specifically demand that the Assembly receive the abdication made on 21 June by Louis XVI of the crown which had been delegated to him, and provide for his successor in the constitutional manner, [and we] declare that the undersigned will never recognise Louis XVI as their King unless the majority of the Nation express a desire contrary to the present petition.[7]. Men, women, even a child, were massacred there, massacred on the altar of the fatherland.[4]. However, if the victims of Champ de Mars were not brigands, if these victims were peaceful citizens with their wives and children, and if that terrible scene is but the result of a formidable coalition against the progress of the Revolution, then liberty is truly in danger, and the declaration of martial law is a horrible crime, and the sure precursor of counterrevolution. From this point of view, it is certain that the Paris municipality could have and should have taken the severe measures that it did. A depiction of the Champ de Mars massacre with Lafayette at center with sword Lafayette's public standing continued to decline through the latter half of 1791. £35; pb. J. C. D. Clark (Stanford, CA/Cambridge: Cambridge U.P., 2001; pp. Massacre at the Champ de Mars September 2000 1 black and white illustrations 250 pages 23.4x15.6 cm Royal Historical Society Studies in History New Series Library eBook But when a third volley mowed many of them down, the crowd fled, leaving only a group of a hundred people at the altar itself. "Do not move, they are firing blanks. The mob was very excited, and collected in the Champ de Mars in order to sign, on the altar of the country, a petition to the National Assembly in order that the abdication of Louis XVI. The Champ-de-Mars Massacre. Men and women have had their throats slashed and the citizens are at a loss. The exact numbers of dead and wounded are unknown; estimates range from a dozen to fifty dead.[1][2]. . major public fault or crime: the "massacre of the Champ de Mars" of 17 July 1791, when, acting under a hasty municipal declaration of martial law, troops of the Paris National Guard fired on a crowd of about five or six thousand unarmed citizens assembled to sign a petition urging the abolition of . . £12.95). La fusillade du Champ-de-Mars est une des journées historiques de la Révolution française, survenue le dimanche 17 juillet 1791. 15 July 1791: the King declared inviolable. In the previous month Louis and his family had unsuccessfully tried to flee France in the Flight to Varennes. Lafayette again tried to disperse it. A massacre that took place on July 17, 1791, in Paris in the midst of the French Revolution. To some observers, such as the radical newspaper writer whose account is reproduced here, the massacre … Later that day, leaders of the republicans in France rallied against this decision. The previous month, on 20 and 21 June 1791, the king and his family had, with the connivance of others (some of them foreign), escaped from Paris in an attempt to reach the fortress of, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Champ_de_Mars_Massacre?oldid=2513295. . The Champ de Mars massacre occurred on 17 July 1791 when the French National Guard, commanded by the Marquis de Lafayette, fired on a crowd of 50,000 Parisian protesters as they marched through the Champ de Mars with a petition demanding King Louis XVI of France 's … Barère on the petition on the Champs de Mars massacre on the 17th July 1791.Taken from Memoirs of Bertrand Barère Volume 1, H. S. Nichols, London (1896) p275-276. In July 1791, just as Le Republicain was getting ready to print its first issue, the King, who'd try to run away from France with his family, was caught in Varenne, recognised because of his likeness to the profile printed on a coin. The National Guard under Lafayette, opened fire. The majority of the National Assembly, the department, the Paris municipality, and many of the writers say that the capital is overrun by brigands, that these brigands are paid by agents of foreign courts, and that they are in alliance with the factions that secretly conspire against France. Definitions of Champ de Mars Massacre, synonyms, antonyms, derivatives of Champ de Mars Massacre, analogical dictionary of Champ de Mars Massacre (English) 2. Jean Sylvain Bailly, the first mayor of Paris, became a victim of his own revolution and was guillotined there on 12 November 1793. 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