The Extended Phenotype - Richard Dawkins - Oxford University Press Free shipping for many products! The motif he introduces to show this best is a Necker Cube, which is a simple line drawing of all the edges of a cube: when looked at for the first time, it seems to be an overhead view of the cube. This hypothesis is not experimental in the traditional sense; rather it's a new … "The Extended Phenotype" is an excellent study of the genetic determinism of wasps, gorillas, beavers, crabs and elephants, but its application to human beings is not demonstrated in this book, even though its linkage with Homo Sapiens is everywhere presumed. With a multitude of examples Dawkins demonstrates that. But I bought this book influenced by the excellent "Selfish Gene" I have read before. It is equally implausible that salamanders on the West side of North America should need many times more DNA than congeneric salamanders on the East side.”, “Genes affect proteins, and proteins affect X which affects Y which affects Z which . Refresh and try again. It would be a gift to readers beyond measure if these two ever collaborated on a book. It's a tough situation to cope with, but Dawkins describes the mechanism with such precision and clarity, we readily understand "how" if not "why" evolution works. Welcome back. Another analogy: we often hear from nature documentaries and wide-eyed wonderers how harmonious the biological systems of Earth are: how fortunate that some things breathe carbon dioxide and some breathe oxygen, that both cheetah and gazelle are lithe and fast in their dance of predation, that symbiotic pairs of species fill each other’s needs so well. phenotype, such as the shape, size, configuration and movement of facial features, and ignored the effects of facial adornment and grooming, or ‘‘the extended phenotype.’’ The extended phenotype [17,18] refers to any effect of the genes beyond the organism’s body. Dawkins deftly responds to critics in describing how genes rely on their environment for successful replication. Reviewed in the United States on March 24, 2014. 2015: Built upon and more advanced than The Selfish Gene. This idea was presented to a handful of people that voted for "The Extended Phenotype" and they all agreed that placing "The Selfish Gene" on the schedule first would be the right thing to do. Book review: "The extended phenotype" by Richard Dawkins The main topic tackled in this book is the level at which natural selection acts. The Extended Phenotype: The Long Reach of the Gene, If youre keen on understanding the marvelous artifacts of animal intelligence, this is a must read. I don't mean to discourage anyone from giving it a go (I thought it was well worth the effort), but unlike everything else I've read from Dawkins, in this volume he is quite content to talk about ideas that have never been introduced. This is the so-called ‘C-value paradox’. The essentials of life's story: Biodiversity is more than a buzzword for ecologists. I think this book does two things: 1) it lays out the formal defense of the gene as primary unit of natural selection and 2) it stretches one's perspective how exactly that plays out. In this book, Dawkins picks up his selfish gene theme and extends its influence to organs and systems within the body and then to the external environment. Father Clifford Stevens Boys Town, Nebraska A worthy descendant of The Selfish Gene, the book delves into the intricacies and technicalities of gene selectionism and enlarges it into the extended phenotype theory. Dawkins writes about this book: "It doesn't matter if you never read anything else of mine, please at least read this." But well worth the work! The motif he introduces to show this best is a Necker Cube, which is a simple line drawing of all the edges of a cube: when looked at for the first time, it seems to be an overhead view of the cube. Although he delivers his narration as if sitting with you in a quiet study, you may still need to review his words more than. affects the phenotypic character of interest.”. He perhaps does spend a bit too much time repeating this, but Dawkins is such a fine writer you won't much mind. But with some visual effort, you can. An eye-opener to anyone interested in evolution, Reviewed in the United States on August 29, 2015. The Extended Phenotype Quotes Showing 1-30 of 96 “The facts are as follows. It's a refreshing start to his most serious effort. [stephen a. haines - Ottawa, Canada]. Anyone who disagrees can let me know (politely please). Definitely recommended. Solid work, possibly great, but I’ve never viewed him as the most scintillating writer. and I would love to read about how Dawkins' idea was further developed in biology and what is now the state of the art. This one was written for biologists but the glossary in the end of the book and Dawkins' illuminating prose make it easy to follow. The basic idea--that genes influence things outside the bodies they reside in--seems beyond argument. In detail, the reader is alerted to what is conceptually required for a Darwinian theory to be internally consistent, and for it then to be applicable to life as it is and as it has been. Variation gives life its grandeur, and Richard Dawkins gives us a description of the workings of variation. The Extended Phenotype is a conceptually deep book that forms important reading for biologists and students. The first chapters are aimed at precluding any possible misunderstandings of what Dawkins meant in "The Selfish Gene". Not as approachable as "The Selfish Gene," but it's a very strong follow-up for people who want more and who are willing to do a little work... Because of the rigor and the slightly different tilt of the book, there are many broader implications revealed through this treatment that weren't evident to me from "The Selfish Gene." The term covers the organism's morphology or physical form and structure, its developmental processes, its biochemical and physiological properties, its behavior, and the products of behavior. Very detailed, and perhaps most of all scientific, analysis of how the little things in life... literally, are the ones that drive change--at least biologically. He offers a looking glass that enables me to make sense (or at least convince myself that I am making sense) of many of the things that I can see going on in the world around me. That's not a challenge or a chore, it's a pleasure. The Extended Phenotype argues that organisms have evolved to manipulate their environment, including other animals in their environment. Here, we review current understanding of how plants shape … Schaedelin FC(1), Taborsky M. Author information: (1)Konrad Lorenz Institute for Ethology, Austrian Academy of Science, 1160 Vienna, Austria. Richard Dawkins offers a controversial reinterpretation of that idea in The Extended Phenotype, now being reissued to coincide with the publication of the second edition of his highly-acclaimed The Selfish. The last four chapters explain the long-reach-of-the-gene idea and argue that the phenotypical effects are not limited to one organism. Unless you're a professional geneticist, read The Selfish Gene and skip this one. It explains how the peacock got it's tail and the interesting train of between being desirable as a mate and being able to survive. "[The] 'central theorem' of the extended phenotype: An animal's behaviour tends to maximize the survival of the genes 'for' that behaviour, whether or not those genes happen to be in the body of the particular animal. As he's done elsewhere {Darwin's Dangerous Idea], Dennett mourns the lack of orginality and logic among Dawkins' critics. Lots of people seem to know about Dawkins as a Enthusiastic Bright, or at least as a 'staunch atheist'. An extra read for those who liked "The Selfish Gene". Reviewed in the United States on October 28, 2010. This was the beginning of my longtime fascination with human evolution at age 14. TEP is primarily a technical treatise. As a non-biologist, the discussions frequently pushed me to their implications in the non-genetic meme-scape. What a beautiful book. Good discussion for professional geneticists, Reviewed in the United States on November 6, 1999. Prime members enjoy FREE Delivery and exclusive access to music, movies, TV shows, original audio series, and Kindle books. In The Extended Phenotype, Richard Dawkins proposes that the expression of a gene is not limited simply to the organism's physical appearance or phenotype, that is the direct synthesis of proteins, or to the organism's behaviour, but also includes the impact of the phenotype and the behaviour on the organism's environment. The main theme here is that the phenotype should be extended beyond the body of the organism into the environment, and even into other organisms. Special Note: to those non-biologists and non-scholars like me, I recommend that you read “The Extended Phenotype” as you would explore an iconic river—perhaps forgoing to investigate each an evey tributary that exceeeds your river-rat capabilities...you’ll find the journey rewarding nonetheless. Richard Dawkins here explains his view that the largest unit on which natural selection can reasonably be said to operate is the gene rather than the organism, and explores this ideas consequences for the standard conceptions of organisms, groups, and selection. After publication of The Selfish Gene led to a storm of fatuous criticism, Extended Phenotype comes in response with more detail of how the gene manifests itself in the organism and its environment. Still, Ive always viewed his content over his writing style and I find little fault with most any of his content. Blind Watchmaker certainly takes digs at religion. We comprehend because Dawkins does such an outstanding job in presenting its mechanics. Typical Dawkins. Your two perspectives can be shifted between without many problems at all. Instead, our system considers things like how recent a review is and if the reviewer bought the item on Amazon. Dawkins, unlike other science writers, is forthright in declaring his advocacy in writing this book. I have always had a passion for biology, and there's just something about Dawkins prose that makes it incredibly appealing. So I. If any defense of this book is needed, Dennett is a peerless champion for the task. 'The Extended Phenotype is a sequel to The Selfish Gene... he writes so clearly it could be understood by anyone prepared to make the effort' John Maynard Smith, LRB... 'This entertaining and thought-provoking book is an excellent illustration of why the study of evolution is in such an exciting ferment these days'. This is the so-called ‘C-value paradox’. In doing so, Dawkins never strays from his central themes: Genes are in charge, pursuing their self-interest; the body and its behavior is their vehicle; and the germ-line replicator is the unit of selection. It talks about how natural selection can be altered and produce very shocking results. I am not a biologist neither a geneticist. See 1 question about The Extended Phenotype…, February 2014: The Extended Phenotype: The Long Reach of the Gene, Astrophysicist Neil deGrasse Tyson Shares His Reading Recommendations. Let us know what’s wrong with this preview of, Published He proves that by the study of beavers and lakes instead of ocean tides. Written in part as a response, The Extended Phenotype gave a deeper clarification of the central concept of the gene as the unit of selection; but it did much more besides. We can then view changes in phenotypes—the end products of genes, like eye color or leaf shape, which are usually considered to increase the fitness of an individual—as serving the evolutionary interests of genes. Readers beware! Home Page » Forum index » The Archives » Archived Book Discussion Forums » Archived Book Discussions 2008-2009 » The Extended Phenotype: The Long Reach of the Gene - by Richard Dawkins. It will change your way of looking at things, and i guess this is more the case for this book than of any other of his. "It doesn't matter if you ever read anything else of mine, please at least read this." An extended phenotype might be understood as any effect of genes extending beyond an organism into the world around it which also provide fitness for their replication. More delving for truth, less bashing falsehood, Reviewed in the United States on May 17, 2007. Reviewed in the United States on December 23, 2018. I consider reading The Extended Phenotype (original, 1982) an accomplishment. The maddening small font in my paperback edition (Oxford Univ. This view of the gene has an interesting analogy in archaeology. Selfish Gene takes digs at religion. It's almost worthwhile reading Dennett's brief essay before starting Dawkins. Written in part as a response, The Extended Phenotype gave a deeper clarification of the central concept of the gene as the unit of selection; but it did much more besides. Disabling it will result in some disabled or missing features. The extended phenotype is one of the biggest ideas in evolutionary biology and examples are all around us! To calculate the overall star rating and percentage breakdown by star, we don’t use a simple average. Richard Dawkins asks us (again) to try to think of evolution in terms of selfish *genes*. The first 10 chapters are really focused on developing the ideas found in the Selfish Gene and overcoming objections to them. Well, that might’ve been a tad bit of an overreaction, even if your heart was in the right place. According to Dawkins, manipulating other animals in your environment is as key to natural selection as sharper teeth or warmer fur. I'd guess that those expecting something like The Blind Watchmaker, The Greatest Story..., Climbing Mount Improbable, even The Ancenstor's Tale will simply not get through it. I have picked up and put this book down a few times over the past 5 years, and it took the better part of a biology degree to finally understand it. Ninety per cent of services had a policy regarding phenotype matching; 74% matched for Cc, Ee and K; 13% performed extended phenotype matching and 3% had other policies. Although he delivers his narration as if sitting with you in a quiet study, you may still need to review his words more than once. A revised edition was published in 1999 with an afterword by the philosopher Daniel Dennett. Actually, I've read it twice I suppose, as it took a second going-over of many passages before they sunk in. And that, in a situation where it is increasingly hard to make sense of anything, comes as a welcome relief. I'm sure this is great, but I'm not a scientist and as one of Dawkins least accessible books, this one was overkill. Still, I’ve always viewed his content over his writing style and I find little fault with most any of his content. This book was written circa 35 years ago. . The last four chapters explain the long-reach-of-the-gene idea and argue that the phenotypical effects are not limited to one organism. Dawkins believes it is important because, of all the factors and influences involved, the gene is the only one that persists, that survives the death of the organism. Excepting the more obstinate ones, these seem to be falling by the wayside. - but I'm definitely a layperson and this one is far more technical than the others I'd read. It isn't predictable, inevitable or reasonable. The Extended Phenotype (1982) offers an alternative view on biology and the process of evolution. This edition carries three fine finales: Dawkins well thought out bibliography, a glossary, and most prized, indeed, an Afterword by Daniel C. Dennett. I'd give it 5 stars if I knew enough biology to be able to confirm it (or 1 if I could refute it). The first half of the book was hard to read, but the second half was better. The child's favourite question, "why" is difficult enough for parents and teachers to answer. The book is a logical continuation of his devastating book, The essentials of life's story: Biodiversity is more than a buzzword for ecologists. The Extended Phenotype (subtitled "The Gene as the Unit of Selection", and later, "The Long Reach of the Gene") is a 1982 book by Richard Dawkins. Dawkins gives the example of the beaver dam as an extended phenotype (pp.304-305). We’d love your help. But Dawkins' clear exposition is accessible to all who are prepared to put in a little effort. Convincingly argued thesis for the genocentric viewpoint of Darwinism. A wonderufl book for anyone interested in biology or genetics. This is a biologist having a conversation with other biologists. That's true. It's a facinating book. Although Dawkins has aimed his second book primarily at professional biologists, he writes so clearly that it could be understood by anyone prepared to make a serious effort. The spider’s web, the … Good read. Dawkins is a contemporary genius with fresh perspectives in several fields. His critics frequently argue that The Selfish Gene doesn't operate in a vacuum, but must deal within some kind of environment, from an individual cell to global scenarios. People commonly view evolution as a process of competition between individuals—known as “survival of the fittest”—with the individual representing the “unit of selection.” Richard Dawkins offers a controversial reinterpretation of that idea in The Extended Phenotype, now being reissued to coincide with the publication of the second edition of his highly-acclaimed The Selfish Gene. Often more than once. Phenotype (from Greek pheno-, meaning 'showing', and type, meaning 'type') is the term used in genetics for the composite observable characteristics or traits of an organism. It reads much more like a scientist making a case to his peers, and less like a science writer trying to explain things to a nonscientific audience. 'The Extended Phenotype is a sequel to The Selfish Gene. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for The Extended Phenotype by Richard Dawkins (1989, Trade Paperback) at the best online prices at eBay! It's clear that Dawkins' critics, who label him an "Ultra-Darwinist" [whatever that is] haven't read this book. The language of the book cannot be called simple and it takes some efforts to follow the authors reasoning, but these efforts will reap big reward. As a consequence, the rhizosphere can be considered an extended root phenotype, a manifestation of the effects of plant genes on their environment inside and/or outside of the organism. With a multitude of examples Dawkins demonstrates that there is no real reason to believe in "gene A of X accounts for X's skin color" and at the same time deny anything like "gene A of X account's for change in Y's behavior". It's not new for me to sit with a dictionary/the Internet to research what Dawkins is saying just to get a context, but this felt like a full-blown revisit to Biology. That's quite impressive, it even somewhat changed my way of looking at the world surrounding me. 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